Córdoba is the third largest and most populous city in Andalusia after Seville and Malaga. Today it is a city of medium size, in whose old town we can still see buildings with architectural elements from when Córdoba was the capital of the Hispania ulterior in times of the roman republic, or the province of Betica during the Roman Empire and the Caliphate of Córdoba during the Muslim Era, whose leaders ruled much of the Iberian Peninsula. According to archaeological evidence, the city had around one million inhabitants by the tenth century, being the largest, most cultured and opulent city in the world.
Its historic centre was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1994. Ten years earlier, in 1984, it had been the Mosque-Cathedral of Córdoba. It was a candidate for European Cultural Capital for 2016, being a finalist to represent Spain. In addition, the feast of the cordovan patios was designated intangible cultural heritage of humanity by UNESCO in December 2012. Also, the archeological site of Medina Azahara is declared property of cultural interest in the category of monument and was inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List in 2018.